Doges Palace Venice Italy

Doge’s Palace in Venice: How to Visit & Essential Tips

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Doge’s Palace in Venice, Italy, (Palazzo Ducale) is one of the main landmarks of the city. We have been to Venice many times and always admired the exterior of the stunning Gothic-style palace, but somehow never took the time to visit inside. We thought it was just another overhyped museum, but we couldn’t have been more wrong!

We finally visited Doge’s Palace on our recent trip to Venice and wow – the interior of the palace took our breath away! We also learned so much about the captivating history of the city that we never knew before.

If you are also wondering whether Doges Palace is worth seeing inside, what to expect, and how to make the most of your visit, this article should answer all your questions. Find out!

 

Why Visit Doge’s Palace

One of the top attractions in Venice and an integral part of the Venice waterfront, Doge’s Palace has a rich and fascinating history.

Visiting Doge’s Palace is key to understanding the city’s history. In addition, it’s well worth seeing its impressive architecture and lavish interior. It also gives you a unique opportunity to walk on the famous Bridge of Sighs.

For almost 1000 years it was the building from which 120 Doges (or chief magistrates) wielded their awesome power and decided Venice’s fate. This seat of government housed a Senate, court facilities, the secret police, and also prisons. It was also the residence of the Doge of Venice, who – once elected – would remain in his position for life.

By the end of the 13th century, Venice was one of Europe’s richest cities, mostly due to trading spices, silks, and wool between Europe and the Middle East. Its wealthy citizens became patrons of the arts, commissioning fabulous sculptures and paintings to decorate their palaces.

The building is an unmistakable testament to Venice’s wealth and power at the time! Its breathtaking facade – featuring gorgeous pink Verona marble – is a real Gothic masterpiece.

Doges Palace interior
Doges Palace interior
 

Inside you can see beautiful stone arches, magnificent sculptures, grand chambers, and historical artifacts. The museum also houses some of the most famous works of art in the world, including pieces by Titian, Veronese, and A. Vittoria.

Tintoretto’s masterpiece ‘Paradise’ – the largest oil painting in the world – hangs in the Hall of the Great Council.

Further below, you can find more information about the history of the Doge’s Palace, its most important features, and the main things not to miss on your visit. But first – some practical information and tips for your visit.

Doges Palace Courtyard
Doge’s Palace Courtyard
 

Location & Getting There

The Doge’s Palace is located on the famous St. Mark’s Square and right next to St. Mark’s Basilica. Since most of Venice’s must-see attractions are also located here, you don’t need to make any special effort to get to Doge’s Palace – it’s the main area of the city that everybody visits.

The entrance to the Palace is located on the wide waterfront promenade Riva degli Schiavoni. Nowadays, you enter the Palace through the Grain Gateway (Porta del Frumento).

You can reach Doge’s Palace on foot or by boat. If you are visiting Venice by car or by train and are walking from the Piazzale Roma area, simply follow the signs for ‘San Marco’. Count about 30-45 minutes of walking time without any stops.

A faster way to get there is by taking a public waterbus Vaporetto. Many lines stop at San Marco and you can easily get here from any part of town. Alternatively, you can also opt for a water taxi, which is by far the most luxurious and the most convenient way to travel around Venice (but also very expensive).

Venice skyline with St Marks Campanile and Doges Palace
Doge’s Palace is located right next to St. Mark’s Square
 

Opening Hours & Ticket Price

Doge’s Palace is open daily, from 9 AM to 6 PM (last admission at 5 PM).

At the moment of writing, tickets to Palazzo Ducale cost around 25 EUR. Tickets for kids, students, and senior citizens cost 13 EUR.

Good to know: All Doge’s Palace tickets also include Correr Museum, National Archeological Museum and Biblioteca Marciana.

For up-to-date practical information, please check the official website of the museum.

 

How to Visit & Tours

You can get your tickets upon arrival, there are informational panels inside, and so it’s easy to visit on your own. However, it only looks simple on paper!

Together with St. Mark’s Basilica, Doge’s Palace is one of the most popular tourist attractions in the city. No matter when you come, it will always be busy here. So if you want to make the most of your visit, it’s essential to plan in advance!

If you decide to visit on your own, it’s probably best to go here early in the morning or an hour or two before closing time. Make sure to get skip-the-line tickets in advance. We were in Venice on an extremely quiet day when there were almost no foreign tourists in town. Still, we had to wait over 45 minutes in line at Doge’s Palace. On a busy day, queues can take up to several hours. However, there’s a separate entrance for those with skip-the-line tickets. It’s absolutely worth it!

The best way to visit Doge’s Palace is by taking a guided tour. Not only do you get priority access, but going with a local guide also allows you to better appreciate everything you see. Furthermore, it’s often so busy inside that you don’t even know where to go first and you might easily skip some of the main sights without even realizing it.

So if you want to see as much as possible in a short time and also learn more about the history of Venice and the Doge’s Palace, then definitely consider going with a guide. Here you can book a guided tour for Doge’s Palace only. But I recommend going on a tour that also includes St. Mark’s Basilica. It’s the best use of your time and money!

View from the bridge of Sighs in Venice
View from the bridge of Sighs
 

How Much Time Do You Need

You need at least 1-1.5 hours for a quick visit to Doge’s Palace. This does not include queuing times. If you want to explore it deeper you will need 2-3 hours.

TIP: Going with a guided tour, you can usually visit both – Doge’s Palace and St. Mark’s Basilica – in just 2-2.5 hours. You’d never be able to see that much in such a short time on your own. If your time in Venice is limited, this is by far the best option. Here you can see availability and book the best-rated skip-the-line tour for the two main Venice attractions.

READ ALSO: How to See the Best of Venice in One Day

Doges Palace as seen from the balcony of St Marks Basilica in Venice
Doge’s Palace as seen from the balcony of St Mark’s Basilica
 

Doge’s Palace with Kids

If you are wondering whether it’s a good idea to visit Doge’s Palace with kids, I’d say go ahead. There is enough variation in what you see that even younger kids shouldn’t get bored.

Our boys were truly impressed by the sheer size of the Palace, the huge painted halls, and the armory exhibits. They also enjoyed visiting the prison cells and walking over the Bridge of Sighs. If you tell your kids some history of the place and give some explanation of what you see, they’ll enjoy the visit more.

That being said, all three our kids (age 9-12) were quite tired after a visit here. So younger children will probably find a visit here quite tiring as well. There are lots of stairs and walking slowly can be more tiring than hours of hiking outdoors. So if you are visiting Venice with a baby or a toddler, Doge’s Palace might not be the best place to take them.

Kids looking through a window at Doges Palace in Venice
Kids looking through a window at Doge’s Palace overlooking St. Mark’s Basilica
 

Is Doge’s Palace Worth It?

Yes, Doge’s Palace is absolutely worth a visit, even if you only have a day in Venice. Not only is it the best place to learn more about the fascinating history of Venice, but its splendid interiors will take your breath away. It’s also your chance to walk on the iconic Bridge of Sighs!

Knowing that very few citizens of Venice were ever allowed to enter this building, a visit here feels even more special.

What left the biggest impression on us was the contrast between the opulence of the luxurious residential apartments and lavish council chambers and the grim desperate conditions of its prisons. It’s an eye-opening experience that will help you to better appreciate what a fascinating city Venice really is.

Below, you can read more about the history of Doge’s Palace and find a short list of the main points of interests to see inside. Take a look!

Paper Gate as seen from the Staircase of the Giants in Doges Palace
Paper Gate as seen from the Staircase of the Giants
 

History

The Doge’s Palace – with its strategic location at the point of access to the sea – was built around the 9th century as a fort. Originally with a tower at each corner, the building has seen many changes over the years. This is reflected in the mixture of architectural styles from several periods.

In the 12th century, Doge Sebastiano Ziani transformed the fort into a palace. It was gradually expanded throughout the 13th and 14th centuries.

Unfortunately, a number of destructive fires did enormous damage to the building in the 16th century. However, because of this, the palace was restructured and improved. Some of its most beautiful additions, such as the Stairs of the Giants, were made at that time.

The original building already housed prisons – known as ‘Piombi‘. In the 17th century, new prisons were built to supplement them. The Bridge of Sighs connecting the new prisons to the palace across the canal also dates from this time.

In the 18th century, the Palace was slightly remodeled to house administrative offices and it was still used as a prison. After 1866, when Venice was annexed to Italy, Doge’s Palace was restructured several times. It finally became a museum in 1923.

Doge's Palace building exterior
Doge’s Palace building exterior as seen from St. Mark’s Square
 

Things to See Inside

There is so much to see inside the Doges Palace! If you follow the indicated route, you’ll pass all the main sights. However, it can get so overwhelming that it’s easy not to notice some of the nicest features. So here are the main points of interest that you shouldn’t miss when visiting Doge’s Palace:

Courtyard & Staircase of the Giants

The impressive courtyard is the first place you see when you enter the Palace. The highlight of the courtyard has to be the Staircase of the Giants (Scala dei Giganti), at the top of which the doge’s coronation would take place.

In the 15th century, the Great Council came up with an idea for creating a ceremonial staircase. The Giants Staircase takes its name from the two enormous statues of Mars and Neptune that symbolize Venice’s power by both land and sea.

To the right of the Giant’s Staircase is the Senator’s Courtyard. This is where the members of the senate would gather before government meetings. In the middle of the courtyard, you can see two well-heads dating from the middle of the 16th century.

Courtyard of Doges Palace in Venice
The Courtyard of Doges Palace
Staircase of the Giants (Scala dei Giganti) Doges Palace Venice
Staircase of the Giants – Scala dei Giganti – as seen from the entrance via Paper Gate
 

Golden Staircase

Golden Staircase (La Scala d’Oro) is a very impressive ceremonial staircase leading up to Doge’s apartments and to the chambers of the state government.

The staircase was completed in 1559 and is indeed decorated with real 24-carat gold.

Golden Staircase (La Scala d'Oro) Doges Palace in Venice
Golden Staircase – La Scala d’Oro
 

Doges’ Apartments

The Doges’ Apartments on the second floor are very impressive but quite modest in size (especially when you consider the power of the various doges that occupied them). This was probably a deliberate reminder that although the doge was a state symbol, he was – more importantly – its first servant.

The original rooms were destroyed by fire in 1483 and the apartments were rebuilt in Renaissance style. They were individually furnished by each incoming doge, using items from his previous home. On his death, his furnishings would be removed to make way for his successor.

Today they still house some incredible artwork, including the 16th-century fireplace and the carved ceiling of the Sala degli Scarlatti.

Ceiling of the Sala degli Scarlatti at Doges apartments in Doges Palace
The ceiling of the Sala degli Scarlatti – Photo by Sailko / WikimediaCommons CC BY
 

Senate Hall

Senate Hall (Sala del Senato) is an imposing and lavishly decorated Hall. It was used for various governmental functions, including the appointment of new ambassadors and the making of important decisions on foreign policy.

Venice’s Senate was founded in the 13th century and was one of the city’s oldest public institutions. It was made up of members chosen from the city’s wealthiest families. Its areas of responsibility included financial and political affairs, trade, and manufacturing.

In 1574, a fire damaged much of the Hall and it was refurbished in the 1580s. Its ceiling was beautifully decorated with Tintoretto’s ‘Triumph of Venice‘, whilst the main focus of the Hall became another of Tintoretto’s works, ‘Christ‘.

This painting was likely commissioned in acknowledgment of the Senate’s ‘conclave’. Responsible for electing the doge, the conclave was seen as being protected by the Son of God. Under the painting, you will see the ornamental seat in which the doge would sit during meetings.

Senate Hall (Sala del Senato) inside Doges Palace in Venice
Senate Hall – Sala del Senato
 

Chamber of the Great Council

The Great Council Hall (Sala del Maggior Consiglio) is an even bigger hall with stunning paintings on all walls and the ceilings. The Great Council, the most important political body in the Republic of Venice, held its meetings here.

This room is huge and measures 53 meters in length and 25 meters in width. It was one of the largest halls in Europe and could fit up to 2000 people. It was clearly built and decorated to show power and wealth and to impress whoever visited here. Its lavish decorations and beautiful paintings reminded me of the Painted Hall in London.

There are 35 painted panels on the ceiling. The most famous of them all is the Apotheosis of Venice, a painting by Paolo Veronese, dating from 1585. Just under the ceiling, you can see portraits of the first 76 doges of Venice. The portraits of the later doges can be found in the Sala dello Scrutinio.

Tintoretto’s painting ‘Il Paradiso’ – the world’s largest oil painting on canvas – can also be found in this room.

Chamber of the Great Council (Sala del Maggior Consiglio) Doges Palace Venice
Chamber of the Great Council – Sala del Maggior Consiglio
 

Bridge of Sighs

One of the most famous bridges in the world, the Bridge of Sighs (Ponte dei Sospiri) was designed by Antonio Contino. It was built in 1600 in order to connect the interrogation rooms and courts of the Palace to the new prisons on the other side of the canal. This is the route that convicted prisoners would have taken to their cells after sentencing.

Lord Byron mentioned the bridge in 1812 in his book ‘Childe Harold’s Pilgrimage’, saying “I stood in Venice, on the Bridge of Sighs; A palace and a prison on each hand.” It is this reference that likely led to the bridge’s fame.

The Bridge of Sighs got its name in around the 18th century. It refers to the sighs of the prisoners who took a last glimpse of the outside world through the tiny openings of this enclosed bridge on their way to the prison cells.

In reality, looking across Venice from this enclosed bridge is actually quite difficult. There are just a few small openings from which you can get a glimpse of the hustle and bustle of the canal below.

Walking inside the Bridge of Sighs to the New Prisons of Doges Palace
Following the route of the prisoners to the New Prisons via the Bridge of Sighs
View from the inside of the Bridge of Sighs in Venice
View from the inside of the Bridge of Sighs
 

Interesting to know: The interior of the enclosed bridge is divided into two separate corridors. That way, prisoners walking in one direction wouldn’t meet anyone coming from the other side. When you are visiting Doges Palace, you’ll walk over the bridge twice without even realizing that there is another side of it.

Despite its grim history, the bridge – made of white limestone – is quite beautiful. Happily, it has now become a symbol of romance. According to a popular legend, couples sailing beneath it on a gondola – kissing as they pass – will experience eternal love.

TIP: You can also see the Bridge of Sighs from the bridge at Riva degli Schiavoni and also from the other side. And indeed, if you take a gondola ride in St. Mark’s area, you can pass under the bridge in a gondola.

READ ALSO: Tips for a Gondola Ride in Venice

Bridge of Sighs and New Prisons at Doges Palace in Venice
Bridge of Sighs and the New Prisons
 

Prison Cells

The cold dark prison cells form a sharp contrast with the luxurious chambers of the Doge’s Palace. It’s almost hard to believe that this is the same building!

Dating back to the 12th century, the prison cells of Doge’s Palace are composed of the Piombi, the Pozzi, and the Prigioni Nuove (New Prisons). Conditions in the prisons were truly terrible, and few of those who entered them would ever see the light of day again.

It was very easy to end up in prison in Venice at that time! The Palace was surrounded by mailboxes shaped like lions’ mouths, into which citizens could post pieces of paper bearing the names of neighbors they suspected of wrongdoing. All accusations were thoroughly investigated and tried by the dreaded Council of Ten, one of the main governing bodies throughout the 14th – 18th centuries. Those who were convicted were sent to the cells within the Palace walls.

In English, the Piombi is known as the ‘Leads’, because the cells were located directly under the lead-covered roof. This made them unbearably hot in summer and bitterly cold in winter. As bad as they were, they were still better than the ‘Pozzi’ on the ground floor. These cells were damp, tiny, and barely lit, with just a bucket for excrement. The conditions in the New Prisons were somewhat better, though still incredibly harsh.

Though notoriously difficult to escape, one famous prisoner managed to do so. That was Casanova, who escaped the prison in 1756.

New Prisons (Prigioni Nuove) in Doges Palace in Venice
New Prisons – Prigioni Nuove
Prison cells inside the Doges Palace in Venice
Prison cells inside the Doges Palace. The contrast with the lavishly decorated chambers couldn’t be bigger
 

Paper Gate

The Paper Gate (Porta della Carta) was originally the main entrance to the Palace and links the Palace to St Mark’s Basilica. Nowadays, you leave the Palace via this gate. It’s most impressive when viewed from St. Mark’s Palace, so make sure to look back as you are leaving!

TIP: Even if you are not visiting inside the Doge’s Palace, you can still see this gate. You can find it on the right side of St. Mark’s Basilica; where it connects to the Doge’s Palace.

The origin of its name is not clear. Some say it is the ‘Paper Gate’ because it is near the area in which the scribes would put up their desks, or where people waited to hand their petitions to council members. Others believe that its name came from the ‘cartabum’ – the archive of state documents that is located nearby.

Considered to be one of the finest examples of Venetian Gothic architecture, the 15th-century Paper Gate features ornate carved figures. Its most remarkable feature is the sculpture of Doge Francesco Foscari kneeling in front of the lion of Saint Mark. This sculpture is actually a 19th-century copy of the original, which was destroyed in 1797 when Venice was invaded by Napoleon’s army. The sculpture is said to be symbolic of the fact that even the mighty doge must bow before the power of the state.

Paper Gate and Doges Palace exterior
Paper Gate (left) and Doge’s Palace exterior
St Marks Lion Paper Gate (Porta della Carta)
St Mark’s Lion, Paper Gate
 

So, this is our guide to visiting the famous Doge’s Palace in Venice. If you plan well and get your tickets (or book a tour) in advance, a visit here only takes an hour or two of your time. So don’t miss it! This is truly one of the must-see places in Venice!

For more tips and inspiration for a variety of popular destinations in Italy, make sure to take a look at our Italy travel guide. If you are not yet sure where to go yet, check out our guide with the best places to visit! It has all the musts and a few amazing lesser-known gems. Take a look below!

LEARN MORE: Best Places to See in Italy

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How to visit Doges Palace in Venice Italy
Complete guide to visiting Doges Palace in Venice Italy
 

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