Sinterklaas celebration in Belgium and the Netherlands

Sinterklaas Celebration in Belgium & the Netherlands

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Have you ever heard of Sinterklaas? What about Saint Nicholas? But you definitely know Santa Claus, don’t you?

What if I told you that here in Belgium kids don’t wait for Santa Claus, nor do they care about Christmas that much for that matter… Here is why.

The reason is simple. Santa Claus doesn’t really come to Belgium, or to the Netherlands, not even to Luxembourg or Northern France. Well, he does show up here and there, actually more and more in recent years, but traditionally Belgian and Dutch children don’t get presents from Santa.

Don’t worry, children here in Belgium get plenty of presents and sweets! In fact, they are better off than the kids in most other countries since they get their presents twice. Once from a very kind old man called Sinterklaas, and then again at Christmas from their family and friends.

In this article, you can read all about the Sinterklaas celebration and the traditions related to it. Find out!

READ ALSO: Best Christmas Markets in Belgium

Sinterklaas – Saint Nicholas Day Celebration in Belgium and the Netherlands

Sinterklaas is an old tradition dating back to the 3rd century. In fact, the name Santa Claus comes from the name Sinterklaas.

Sinterklaas is an elderly man with white hair and a long beard. Sinterklaas wears traditional bishop’s attire: white alb, long red cape, red miter, white gloves, and a big ruby ring. He holds a long gold-colored staff and rides a white horse.

He also has a big red book with the names of all children and up-to-date information about each child’s behavior in the past year.

Sinterklaas or Saint Nicholas in Belgium

Where does Sinterklaas come from

Sinterklaas doesn’t live in Belgium or in Holland, nor does he come from the North Pole as Santa Claus does.

Legend has it that Sinterklaas originally came from Turkey as the Bishop of Mira, St. Nicolaus. He was an honorable man who was very kind to children.

Nowadays Sinterklaas lives in a warm and sunny country – Spain and he comes to Belgium by boat. Traditionally he arrives in Antwerp (in the Netherlands he arrives in Rotterdam) and the big festivities are broadcasted on the National Television!

The boat is rather big since it’s carrying presents for all children. Sinterklaas disembarks from the “steamboat” and parades through the streets (sometimes on his horse), welcomed by children cheering and singing traditional Sinterklaas songs.

Zwarte Piet - different Christmas in Belgium
Zwarte Piet

Black Pete

Sinterklaas never comes alone. He has lots of helpers – Zwarte Pieten (Black Pete or Black Peter) who are always very cheerful and are throwing candy and pepernoten (small, round, gingerbread-like cookies) into the crowd.

Zwarte Pieten – Black Petes – are always wearing colorful clothes, but their faces are black. This is due to the soot of the chimneys which are – similar to Santa Claus – used as a way to enter the house and bring the presents.

There has been a lot of commotion about Black Pete in recent years, especially in the Netherlands. People are protesting about the role of the ‘black servant’ and so there are more and more Zwarte Pieten who are not completely black anymore.

And this is what happens to the kids who don’t behave…

Zwarte Piet - Saint Nicholas day celebrations in Belgium and the Netherlands
The kids who don’t behave risk being taken away by Zwarte Piet

Preparations for Saint Nicholas Day

Traditionally, Sinterklaas is celebrated on the 6th of December. But the celebrations take almost a month since he arrives in the country 3 weeks before that.

These three weeks is the most exciting time of the year for all Belgian children! I don’t know about all the kids, but our boys are over-excited, sleep-deprived, and completely exhausted by the time the good man finally comes along with the presents.

The letters are being written and the house is full of drawings waiting for Sinterklaas to arrive. The kids are singing Sinterklaas songs and somehow they keep on finding new songs every year. Just when I think I’ve learned them all by heart, there is always a new one to be learned next year!

This is the period when Sinterklaas is E V E R Y W H E R E. You can meet him walking on the streets or you can go and say hi to the good man in the shopping centers all over the country. It’s a must for all children!

So if you see rows and rows of families with kids waiting excitedly, you’ll know they all came to the shopping mall with one purpose and one purpose only – to hold the hand of Sinterklaas, tell him how well behaved they are (and have been the whole year – just in case he made a mistake in his book), get some candy and take a traditional must-have picture with Sinterklaas and the Zwarte Pieten.

If your kids do any sports, the chances are big that Sinterklaas will pay them a visit at the sports club too. And if they go to the boy scouts, the good man will make sure to bring some candy there as well. Music school, arts academy, dance lessons – they all get interrupted by a visit of the Holly man… And of course, he doesn’t forget one single school either. I told you, he is literally everywhere.

Kids meeting Sinterklaas, Belgium
Kids just have to meet Sinterklaas every year

December 5th – the evening before

There is a lot of preparation in the evening before the big day.  Children place their shoes by the fireplace where they hope to find the presents in the morning. But this is not enough!

If you want to get some presents, you have to make sure you give something in return: a drawing and/or a letter for Sinterklaas, a sugar cube for the Zwarte Piet, and a carrot for the horse. In some regions children also leave a drink for the Sinterklaas.

The kids then go to bed since everyone knows that Sinterklaas doesn’t bring presents if you are awake.

Recently, more and more children start to place their shoes by the fireplace on the day the Sint arrives in the country. That’s more than 3 weeks of excitement and many hours of sleep lost by getting up early hoping to find some candy or some presents in the shoe. After a while, some parents give in, the kids find some presents in their shoes, they tell their friends at school, other kids expect the same, and before you know it, your kids don’t sleep for 3 weeks in a row…

Saint Nicholas Day – December 6th

On the morning of the 6th of December, the kids wake up to find the house full of presents, and chocolate, and candy, and cookies…

I’m not from Belgium originally and at first, I couldn’t believe the number of presents and the quantities of chocolate that the kids receive here for Sinterklaas.

Since the good man comes at the grandparents’ and the godparents’ place as well (+sports, school, aunts and uncles, etc), there is usually so much chocolate and candy that it takes the kids several months to eat it all.

We are usually just about finishing all the Sinterklaas chocolate by the time the Easter Bunny arrives… with even more chocolate.

Sinterklaas presents on the 6 of December - different Holiday tradition in Belgium
Our living room in the morning of December 6

After all the presents are handed out and the boat is empty, it’s time for Sinterklaas to leave. He heads back to Spain for a well-deserved vacation. And the Belgian kids can finally get some sleep again… Till next year!

READ ALSO: Interesting Facts about Belgium

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Saint Nicholas day - Sinterklaas celebration in Belgium and the Netherlands. Christmas traditions worldwide.
Saint Nicholas day - Sinterklaas celebration in Belgium and the Netherlands. Christmas traditions worldwide.


  1. Ahh, it is quite fascinating to learn about Sinterklaas and Zwarte Piet! But my question is, why does the Sinterklaas tradition replace the Santa Claus tradition in these three countries and northern France?

    1. Author

      🙂 It doesn’t really replace it, Santa Claus has never been a part of the culture here. Now it’s more a question of commerce, so we see Santa appearing around Christmas as well, but still kids don’t expect presents from Santa, even if they see his image on TV and in the commercials. It’s just how it evaluated in different countries I suppose – some have Santa, others – St. Nicholas..

      1. Santa Claus, big fat red-dressed man, is an invention of Coca Cola and it is wonderful that the Belgians have kept their Sinterklaas tradition and not given in to the massive consumer-fest that is the arrival of “Santa Claus” in other parts of the world. Well done Belgium.

        1. Author

          Thank you, Cathy. Your comment made me smile, but the sad truth is that every single celebration is so commercialized these days… I have a feeling that Sinterklaas is less prominent here at the moment than the Black Friday and the Cyber Monday that have come here from the U.S. recently… 🙁

          1. My god, Jurga, that is a very depressing thought! Sinterklaas abú! I say from Ireland.

  2. I love reading about traditions – nice post! I’d heard all about this being the origin of Santa Claus but I had no idea it derived from Dec 6th and started as early as mid November. Fascinating stuff!

    1. Author

      I have to say that I didn’t know about the Sinterklaas tradition before I moved to Belgium neither. And now I hear that people celebrate it in Switzerland too. Still learning something new every day…

  3. This is a really interesting read Jurga! I had never heard of Sinterklaas before, as living in Australia Santa Claus delivers our gifts. It is lovely to hear about other countries traditions and festivities. It sounds like it’s weeks full of fun and joy for the kids, which is nice as sometimes I feel Christmas comes and goes way too quickly down under.

    1. Author

      It’s certainly weeks and weeks of excitement for the kids. From half November when Sinterklaas arrives to somewhere after New Year when all the Holiday celebrations are over. It lightens up the dark and rainy days, something you don’t really have in this period Down Under 🙂

  4. I find it fascinating each country’s traditions! I knew the story of St Nicholas, we were taught it at school as the origin of Father Christmas, but I never knew it was December 6th. You learn something new every day!

    1. Author

      Isn’t incredible how little we actually know about the customs and traditions of other countries? And this is all just Europe. That’s what I love about Europe the most actually – how every country and every region still manages to keep so much authenticity. Here is to hoping that the American traditions will not push the local ones to the background. I have nothing against Halloween or Black Friday, but it’s so artificial with commerce trying to make these into such a big deal here in Europe.

  5. Love this post Jurga, never heard of this tradition and it was an absolute pleasure to read about it! The pepernoten sound delicious, I’m a huge fan of gingerbread 🙂

    1. Author

      Thank you for your kind comment, Priti. If you weren’t that far, I’d send you over some pepernoten – we have enough for the whole school! 🙂

      1. Haha that would be so awesome Jurga! 😀

  6. I have never heard of Sinterklaas this is such a great interesting story about Christmas in Belgium. I love knowing about other countries celebrations and their culture. Great pictures too.

    1. Author

      In a way, this post came because you encouraged me to write about it, Melissa. Glad you enjoyed reading it and that you learned something new.

  7. I used to have a friend who was from the Netherlands, so I knew about all this, I think it’s a super cute tradition!!!

  8. I loved reading this! Growing up we always left our shoe out for St. Nick but that’s all we knew…we never knew why. We’d get one present in our shoe. I wonder why my parents did it since we grew up in Ohio-very far from Belgium!

    1. Author

      That’s strange indeed, Melly. Maybe your family had some roots here in Europe? I’m sure you didn’t mind the extra presents. 😉

  9. We’re from Belgium too and have always loved Sinterklaas! We used to put out our shoe almost every day after my birthday (15th of November) til the 6th of December. I actually think this is the first year we haven’t put out our shoe at all. I’m 26 now. 😀 (And I think the discussion about Zwarte Piet is stupid.) What a lovely time of the year! And once “de Sint” is back to Spain, it’s time to get out the Christmas tree! Oh, I love the holidays. 🙂

    1. Author

      26, really? 🙂 And here I was hoping it will only take a few more years till the kids are a bit older and soon they (and us) will be able to sleep again… And now you are telling me this will last another 20 years?! 🙂

      1. No worries, everyone can sleep! We just expected some candy when we put out our shoe. 😉 We were only home in the weekends (studying in Leuven), so it’s not that bad. 🙂

  10. I’ve lived in the Netherlands for a few years & found it super weird in the beginning when my Dutch friends told me that the 24th of December is not really a big day for them 😀

    1. Author

      Me too, when I first moved here (many many years ago). I have a feeling that Christmas is getting ‘bigger’ recently though – commerce is changing traditions…

  11. A great insight into a little known holiday! I lived in the Netherlands for a while, and got my Sinterklaas crash course there. Even though I was (alas) too old to receive presents, I loved Sinterklaas season because it meant kruidnoten would be for sale once more 😉

    Interesting to see that the Zwarte Piet debate is louder in the Netherlands. Do people in Belgium not mind it?

    1. Author

      The Dutch are definitely much more loud in discussing the Zwarte Piet matter than the Belgians, Alex. Here people are not as emotional, but things are slowly changing and the Zwarte Piet looks less and less black every year. 🙂

  12. How cute! I’ve love to see more of this in the flesh.

  13. I thoroughly enjoyed reading that! So lovely to hear about other countries traditions (I have a close friend who is Dutch so I had an idea of some of it but not the whole story!)

    Are the children off school next week? I can’t imagine they would want to go to school with all that going on!

    Enjoy it next week!

    1. Author

      They wish they could stay home, but no, it’s a regular school day as any other. Well, not exactly. Sinterklaas comes to school that day, so there is not much time left for learning…
      We are trying to arrange that Sinterklaas would come this weekend instead of on Dec6, so with a bit of luck the kids will be able to enjoy their presents a bit longer 😉

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